Ruth was born in 1928 in Cologne, Germany. She was five when Nazis confiscated her house and her parents’ business. The morning after Kristallnacht Ruth witnessed frightening scenes of destruction on the streets. After her brother’s successful escape to England via the Quakers, Ruth secured a place on the Kindertransport. She was initially fostered in London until she moved to a hostel in Yorkshire, where she met her husband, a fellow refugee. Neither saw their parents again. After a brief spell in Australia, they decided to return to England and settled in Leeds with their three children.
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